Development, poverty reduction and sustainable management of the environment ultimately depend on social stability and peace. Yet, since the end of the Cold War, conflict is increasingly fought within, rather than between nations, and is killing and displacing civilians as never before.

Likewise, the frequency and impacts of disasters are on the rise, driven in part by climate change.

The poor and the marginalized are disproportionately affected by conflicts and disasters, and are the least equipped to recover. Evidence is emerging that appropriate management of ecosystems and natural resources can help reduce the vulnerability of human communities. Conversely, resource mismanagement may lead to degradation and scarcity, as well as inequitable access to resources and benefit sharing from their use, adding to the growing threats of conflict and disaster.

IUCN is commited to help build the resilience of human communities in rural areas to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change.

A diverse set of Case studies, guidelines and tools on social aspects of climate change vulnerability and resilience can be found on the IUCN Governance of Natural Portal.