To ensure that these causes of land use change are addressed and that our forest work remains thematically consistent and receptive to IUCN members, the global and regional forest programmes have identified shared regional priorities and used them as a basis for joint programming. Since this process was initiated in 1998, the following issues have all emerged as key thematic issues for "joint programming" activities: Forest Law and Governance, Forest Landscape Restoration, Forests and Poverty Reduction, Forests and Climate Change, Forest Resources and Markets, Securing Rights to Forest Resources.
The world's natural forests are being adversely affected more and more by rapidly growing land use change. The increase in agricultural expansion, infrastructure development, wood extraction, climate change, fire and alien invasive species are taking their toll. So too are the lack of, or inadequate, social and institutional arrangements and policies. Market failure, perverse incentives, corruption, population pressure and poverty only exacerbate the problem. In short, forest related land use changes have complex socio-economic, cultural and political foundations.
Amna Abdulwazid and her agroforest plot in the Fau 5 camp, Eastern Sudan
Photo: Agni Boedhihartono / IUCN