The IUCN Green List of Protected Areas is a new global standard for protected areas in the 21st Century.
In line with IUCN’s core mission of ‘A just world that values and conserves nature’ the objective of the Green List of Protected Areas is to improve the contribution that Protected Areas make to sustainable development through the conservation of nature and provision of associated social, economic, cultural, and spiritual values.
The fundamental premise of the programme is that it will be able to recognize success in achieving conservation outcomes, as well as measure progress in, and impact of, equitable governance and effective management of Protected Areas.
Based around this ability the GLPA Programme will be able to:
- Inspire and motivate managers, staff and stakeholders to achieve success
- Reward successful management and managers
- Strengthen support for Protected Areas governance and management
- Provide IUCN members and partners with new tool to motivate and enhance the performance of Protected Areas
- Generate new and additional funding for Protected Areas management
- Encourage and promote the fair sharing of the costs and benefits of conservation in Protected Areas
- Improve the effectiveness of Protected Areas management worldwide
- Highlight progress and improved performance of Protected Areas management, over time.
To achieve this:
The IUCN Global Protected Areas Programme and World Commission on Protected Areas will develop and maintain a Green List of Protected Areas Standard that:
- Specifies objective, transparent, globally consistent criteria for the identification of protected areas that are successful in achieving their conservation objectives through effective management and equitable governance.
- Provides a globally recognized framework that Protected Area managers, policy makers and funders can use to:
- Measure progress towards achieving conservation objectives through effective management and equitable governance of Protected Areas.
- Help identify gaps that need to be addressed in order to achieve conservation objectives through effective management and equitable governance of Protected Areas.
IUCN, through the Global Protected Areas Programme and supported by Accreditation Services International (ASI), will develop and maintain a credible and cost effective GLPA Assurance Process that adheres to the International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labelling Alliance (ISEAL Alliance) code of best practice. The Assurance Process will measure the extent to which applicant Protected Areas meet the GLPA Standard’s criteria.
Through the Green List of Protected Areas Standard and Assurance Process, IUCN and partners will:
- Offer professional guidance and support to Protected Area managers who are committed to using the GLPA Standard to help achieve their conservation objectives through effective management and equitable governance
- Highlight and showcase ‘Green Listed’ Protected Areas – Protected Areas that have been verified as meeting the GLPA Standard’s criteria in full.
The IUCN ‘Green Listing’ of Protected Areas will:
- Demonstrate and promote the potential for successful Protected Area management to policy makers, funders, investors and the public.
- Reward managers and protected area agencies, through public and peer recognition of their success.
- Create opportunities to promote examples of successful protected area management to visitors and other interested parties.
By identifying successful conservation outcomes and supporting as well as measuring progress towards these outcomes through effective management and equitable governance, IUCN will encourage new investment in Protected Area management.
IUCN will create a positive cycle, in which effective and equitable protected areas will generate new support and investment, which further improves their performance.
To date the Green List of Protected Areas has evolved through the dedication and commitment from over 200 IUCN staff and experts from across all six IUCN Commissions and from IUCN national committees, as well as practitioners and professionals from partner countries including China, Colombia, Australia (including the Parks New South Wales Agency), Kenya, South Korea (with generous support from the Korean Parks Service), Italy, France and Spain (led by the Junta de Andalucia regional government).
Many IUCN members, such as WWF, Europarc Federation and Conservation International, are leading implementation of the IUCN Green List of Protected Areas in their respective focal country or region, or thematic speciality.
The IUCN Green List of Protected Areas is entering a new DEVELOPMENT PHASE, beginning mid-2015 until the end of 2018. During this phase, the lessons from evaluation of the first pilot implementation in 2014 are being incorporated. Following ISEAL best practice, the Green List of Protected Areas Standard will be offered for global consultation in two stages; 60 days during late 2015 and a further 60-day review in early 2017. Please check this website for updates in late September 2015 on the consultation and how you can get involved.
The existing country partners will continue to evolve the process and add new candidate PAs to the programme, as well as ensure that existing Green List protected areas maintain performance and meet the updated requirements of the new Green List phase. Additional partnership with Mexico, Japan, Malaysia, Vietnam, Peru, United Arab Emirates, South Africa and the Micronesia Region are proposed.
Participatory planning for a protected area network in the Pacific
Photo: James Hardcastle
The sites have been evaluated against a set of demanding criteria, including the quality of protection of natural values, based on the IUCN Green List of Protected Areas pilot phase Global Standard. They demonstrate fair and transparent sharing of the costs and benefits of conservation, effective management and long-lasting conservation outcomes. These criteria are tailored and measured according to the challenges and opportunities faced in each country.
Sites were announced during the launch of the IUCN Green List of Protected Areas in Sydney, November 2014, and their recognition on the provisional IUCN Green List will last for two years. During this time, they will need to update their portfolio to show how they continue to meet the required performance, and can meet any additional assurance and performance criteria that the new phase of the IUCN Green List of Protected Areas requires.
Korea Jirisan National Park
Korea Odaesan National Park
Korea Seoraksan National Park
Australia Montague Island Nature Reserve
Australia Arakwal National Park and Cape Byron State Conservation Area
China Longwanqun National Forest Park
China Sichuan Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve
China Eastern Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve
China Mount Huangshan Scenic Area
China Wudalianchi Geological Park
China Shaanxi Changqing National Nature Reserve
Italy Gran Paradiso National Park
Spain Doñana Natural Space
Spain Espacio Natural de Sierra Nevada
France Natural Marine Park of Iroise
France Pyrénées National Park
France Marine natural reserve of Cerbère-Banyuls
France Sensitive Natural Area "Marais d’Episy"
France (Overseas territory) Guadeloupe National Park
Kenya Lewa Wildlife Conservancy
Kenya Ol Pejeta Conservancy
Colombia Galeras Santuario de Flora y Fauna Galeras
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá