Originally important in the 19th century as a source of latex rubber, the region subsequently lost out following the rise of the Malaysian rubber industry. As a result, large swathes of the region’s forests were converted for farming and cattle ranching resulting in a loss of forest cover and related biodiversity. In the 20th century, following campaigns led by environmental activist, the late Chico Mendes, large areas were designated Extractive Reserves. Although this resulted in protection of the remaining forest, it did little to enhance the livelihoods of many of the forest-dwelling communities who remained very poor, largely because their land-tenure rights remained ill-defined and the small scale of their forestry-related activities meant that they were mainly confined to subsistence activities. …
19 Jul 2013 | Downloads - publication
This paper describes LLS interventions in the Wassa Amenfi West Landscape in the western region of Ghana. The landscape extends over an area of about 120,000 ha. It is a mixed landscape with a variety of agricultural uses; the most important is cocoa farming. …
18 Jul 2013 | Downloads - publication
Substantial efforts have been made over the last 30 or 40 years to reforest the Miyun landscape. These efforts were a response to the very urgent need to protect the Miyun reservoir and its watershed, which supplies up to 80% of the water used in Bejing, China’s capital city. Over the last decades, Beijing has been facing a progressively worsening water crisis. …
17 Jul 2013 | Downloads - publication
The Doi Mae Salong watershed in the north-west of Thailand is the headwater of the Mae Chan River, a tributary of the Mekong River. As such, it is an extremely important landscape for the economy of the region. The landscape has the particularity of being designated a Military Reserved Area and coming under the control and command of the Royal Thai Armed Forces (RTAF). …
16 Jul 2013 | Downloads - publication
15 Jul 2013 | Downloads - publication
01 Feb 2013 | Downloads - publication
- Where there is no title: Security of tenure is neither a sufficient nor a necessary condition for trust and confidence about future benefits.
- Feature: Customary laws can have a significant influence on access to – and use of – land and forests in many countries.
- Tigers or tribals: The rules set down in the law certainly fall short of expectations and make its implementation difficult.
31 Oct 2011 | Downloads - publication
Editors: E.A. Radford, G. Catullo and B. de Montmollin … | French
01 Jun 2011 | Downloads - publication
25 Feb 2011 | Downloads - publication
Mortimore, Michael ; Anderson, Simon, collab. ; Cotula, Lorenzo, collab. ; Davies, Jonathan, collab. ; Faccer, Kristy, collab. ; Hesse, Ced, collab. ; Morton, John, collab. ; Nyangena, Wilfrid, collab. ; Skinner, Jamie, collab. ; Wolfangel, Caterina, collab.
IUCN ; IIED ; UNDP …