Tanguar Haor: A Paradigm Shift in Natural Resource Management
Community Based Sustainable Management of Tanguar Haor Project
Tanguar Haor is a unique wetland ecosystem of national and international significance. The haor is home to swamp forests, hundreds of species of birds, fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals, many of which are rare and endangered.
Tanguar Hoar covers roughly 10,000 ha and is located in Sunamgonj, North-Eastern district of Bangladesh. It has been declared an Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) in 1999 by the Government of Bangladesh, and a “Ramsar Site”, wetland of national and international importance, by the Ramsar Bureau in 2000.
The wetland supports freshwater mother fisheries and is a known residence for migratory birds. It also supports the livelihoods of almost 60,000 people living in the surrounding villages and contributes to the national food security.
On the way to goal of the project:
The community have been organised and started managing the Tanguar Haor resources for their livelihood beside conservation with support from government. But the capacity of the community as such is nonetheless inadequate and linkages of co-management are still loose bonded. Continuation and consolidation of accomplishments of the Phase II during present phase of the project will lead to attain the goal of a co-management system in place that conserves ecosystem values and services of Tanguar Haor contributing to the livelihood for rural communities.
- Institutional co-management structures are strengthened
- A monitoring system for environmental and economic parameters is established and applied
- The TH Management Committee is capable to take decisions, and the updated Management Plan is endorsed
- Ecological protection and restoration is strengthened
- The communities have improved knowledge and skills to develop and diversify their livelihoods
- The communities have increased incomes.
- The savings and loan scheme is transferred to a competent microfinance agent
- A long-term organizational and financing concept is developed and implemented
- The commitment of relevant stakeholders is mobilized and expressed
Accomplishment highlights up to phase-II
- Organizational activities expanded into 76 villages with a total membership of 6040 from 10204 HHs. Female members are 1375 (23% of total).
- A constitution of the community organization has been finalised and registration of their organization is at the end of process.
- The community has accumulated BDT 1, 07, 41,607 by June 2012. Accumulation per VCC is BDT 1,47,145 Total financial assistance from the accumulated capital disbursed to the members is to BDT 2,72,00,000/=, 23% received by female members.
- ToT on livestock for 265 leaders, on vegetables cultivation for 148 leaders and on PRMP for 130 leaders, rice cultivation training for 841 person days to leaders and a spot demonstration and learning visit for 10 community members on duck hatchery were arranged.
- A total of 4240 members from 3,123 underprivileged HHs have been covered of which 961 are female. 80% (4055) of UPV members received financial assistance.
- The community leaders and district administration officials have come closer with mutual faith and respect. THMC helped build sense of ownership and confidence among the community.
- MoEF supported implementation of the project and reaffirmed its commitment.
- Honourable MP, local administration and local government representatives supported the project approach.
- Huge habitat restoration by katha and bamboo piling and restocking of fish were done. Afforestation TH has been started by plantation.
- Studies on DRR, Gender base line, ‘Sustainable Harvesting Level for Fish and Reed’, ‘Ecological mapping’, ‘Ramsar valuation of Tanguar haor’,‘Bio-diversity’ and ‘M&E protocol’ are done.
- Eighty-four (84) awareness programmes had been conducted so far with the community, project staff, government officials and civil society members.
- Assessment on market extension and value chain analysis has been done.
- A dynamic knowledge management system with database has been developed.
- Tanguar Haor Information Centre in Sunamgonj has been strengthened.
- The National Ramsar Wetland Network has been developed in participation of scientists and experts.
The project is funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
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