LLS Orissa Landscape
Photo: Winrock International India
The India LLS initiative builds on the ongoing Joint Forest Management (JFM) programme which was introduced by the Government of India in 1988 to regenerate and manage the country’s forests through partnerships in forest management involving both the state forest departments and local communities.
The LLS approach is being pilot demonstrated in two landscapes: six villages adjacent to the Simlipal Biosphere and Tiger Reserve in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa and 4 villages in the Shiwalik foottills of Yamunanagar district of Haryana.
IUCN, in collaboration with one of our India members, Winrock International India (WII), has initiated the LLS in 6 pilot villages of Kaptipada block, Mayurbhanj district, Orissa with the aim to strengthen livelihoods through Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP) enterprise development.
• Promoting collective sale and trade of NTFPs;
• Enhancing managerial and technical skill of local forest protection communities to enter into NTFP trade;
• Building capacity of local institutions to make informed choices about forest restoration through promoting participatory development of village development plans;
• Facilitating convergence of existing government schemes in pilot area; and
• Promoting mainstreaming of LLS in state and national policies and programs.
• To reduce the exploitation of the primary collectors by the traders a resolution has been passed and the collective sale of NTFPs has been initiated through the Forest Protection Committees (FPCs).
• To strengthen FPCs and community based organizations 850 FPCs within landscape have been federated at the district level. This federation is called ‘Jungle Parivar Mahasangh’.
• Development of a model village development plan to look at an integrated approach that incorporates landscape level livelihood planning aimed at social, economic and institutional development.
• The formation of the cooperative, which serves as an important credit and marketing source for NTFP enterprise.
In Haryana, IUCN in collaboration with one of our India members, The Energy and Resources Institute, (TERI), has implemented LLS in 4 pilot villages of Markanda sub-watershed in Yamuna Nagar District for further strengthening the Joint Forest Management initiatives to ensure a new flow of income.
• Strengthening institutional arrangements that improve benefit sharing arrangements in local natural resource based institutions;
• Promote activities that ‘demonstrate’ increasing availability and accessibility of water from forested catchments; and
• Support income generation activities (IGAs) for improved livelihoods.
• Towards soil and water conservation de-siltation of the largest dam was conducted alongside plantation of trees and digging of contour trenches. This has increased availability of water for irrigation to 41 households.
• Adaptive landscape micro-planning processes adopted in order to build more synergies between developmental activities and ensure more efficient utilization of resources, as well as ensuring the communities to have a greater say on the development activities undertaken in their villages.
• Training and capacity building for Income generating Activities (IGA’s) were undertaken in collaboration with various Government Line departments and focused on the Self-Help Groups (SHGs).
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