The IUCN Lao PDR Climate Change Programme is currently under development and is centred on ecosystem-based solutions to contribute to climate change-resilient development.
To apply this approach in Lao PDR, IUCN will focus on two strategic components:
- Mainstreaming climate change within the IUCN Lao thematic programme areas, “water and wetlands”, “protected areas”, “business and biodiversity” and “environmental governance”.
- Building a specific climate change programme, based on past achievements such as the development of the national protected areas system and the unique strengths of IUCN, which are for example its strong advisory role towards government and development partners and science-based programme design. The activities of this programme area shall contribute towards the implementation of the national climate change agenda, which can best be addressed through an ecosystem-based approach.
Within the area of adaptation, IUCN is focusing on ecosystem-based solutions, which aim at integrating the sustainable us of biodiversity and ecosystem services into overall adaptation efforts to minimise the adverse impacts of climate change on people. Following are the areas of focus:
- Mainstreaming ecosystem based approaches into climate change and development planning;
- Capacity building on climate change issues for decision makers and local NGOs; for example, on ecosystem-based solutions, integrated water resources management, climate risk, vulnerability and adaptation analysis, and prioritizing and budgeting of adaptation options;
- Climate change and food security; the role of non-timber forest products and agro-biodiversity.
IUCN’s contributions to the national Lao PDR REDD+ agenda so far are policy recommendations on the design of a REDD benefit sharing mechanisms at the national level. Further opportunities have been identified:
- Study on local institutions, such as socially unequal access to forest resources and multilocal resource tenure schemes, which will impact a future benefit sharing mechanism;
- Designing biodiversity monitoring plans for REDD sites to meet the Climate Change, Community and Biodiversity Standards (CCB) as required e.g. under the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS);
- Conducting biodiversity assessments and Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) processes.
Future cross-cutting activities are:
- Climate change and business/ private sector;
- Climate sensitive management of national protected areas;
- Demonstration and research projects that meet development, climate change adaptation and mitigation targets. Examples are sustainable energy schemes including biochar or agrobiodiversity;
- Development of regional climate change programmes with IUCN Asia and other partners.
|Supporting REDD Implementation in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia through the Design of a REDD-compliant Benefit Distribution System|