Our Work

IUCN has been assisting conservation efforts in Nepal since late 1960s. With strong support from civil society, government and donors, IUCN has been able to contribute greatly in linking conservation with better livelihoods, mobilising local communities and generating tangible results to promote biodiversity conservation, environmental justice and sustainable livelihoods in Nepal.


IUCN has been assisting conservation efforts in Nepal since the late 1960s. With strong support from civil society, government, donors, members and partners, IUCN has been able to link conservation benefits with better livelihoods, mobilise local communities and generate tangible results even in the conflict situation. 

Our contributions at the field level:
•  Improved conservation of important biodiversity;
•  Enhanced local natural resource management capacity;
•  Improved livelihood security for the natural resource dependent poor;
•  Greater awareness of conservation and sustainable livelihood strategies;
•  Increased knowledge development and policy feedback.

Our contributions to important policy reforms in Nepal:
•   National Conservation Strategy 1988;
•   National Environmental Policy and Action Plan I and II;
•   Environmental Impact Assessment;
•   Environmental Protection Act 1996;
•   Environmental Protection Regulations 1997;
•   National Wetlands Policy;
•   Environmental education curricula and materials;
•   Churia Area Programme Strategy;
•   Draft Bill on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing;
•   Gender, Poverty and Social Equity (GPSE) monitoring indicators.


IUCN works globally to enhance ecosystem conditions and the well-being of people.

Our entry point for making change is where people and ecosystems interact. Our aim is to influence people’s attitudes and behaviours on how they interact with the natural environment. By changing people’s actions, IUCN strives to improve people’s livelihoods and support environmental sustainability. IUCN Nepal's overall approach is based on three strategies:

Generating, integrating, managing and disseminating knowledge for the conservation, sustainable and equitable use of natural resources in Nepal. Field projects are crucial sites for generating knowledge, as are learning platforms and action research. 

Enhancing the willingness, responsibility, capacity and skills of Nepalese people and institutions to plan, manage, conserve and use natural resources in an equitable and sustainable manner. This is achieved through policy strengthening, advocacy and capacity building. 

Achieving systemic improvement of, and coherence between Nepalese law, policy, institutions and economic instruments through decentralisation and devolution for the conservation and equitable and sustainable use of natural resources.

The main long-term objectives are:

  • Improved management of ecosystems by governments and local communities for biodiversity conservation and for promoting sustainable livelihoods.

  • Enabling governance framework that supports multistakeholder and decentralized conservation and management of natural resources and promotes the mainstreaming of environmental issues.

  • Enhanced knowledge, capacity and partnerships for a cleaner and healthier environment.

  • Enhanced abilities to facilitate the generation, sharing and use of knowledge and foster collaborative learning and action with our national and local partners.

  • Effective, efficient and financially robust IUCN Nepal that is strongly connected to IUCN constituency and regional expertise.


  • A neutral platform: a convener and bridge-builder between civil society and governments to develop unified approaches, partnerships and forums, including with the business community, for collective action on conservation.
  • A practice-policy linker: a source of practical advice and skills for development and conservation – for policy development, capacity building at all levels and for developing diverse, sustainable, livelihood strategies.
  • A knowledge manager: a reliable and credible global network, dedicated to building and disseminating knowledge and best practice for the conservation of nature and natural resources.