Bio-energy Project

Bio-energy Project

Up-scaling the Production and Consumption of Bio-energy to Reduce Carbon Emissions and Enhance Local Employment in Nepal

The project help to move from small scale domestic use of charcoal to industrial use of bio-energy to replace fossil fuel. It also helps to link micro-enterprises of rural area with the industrial sector and banks in urban areas.

The actions will motivate private farm forestry owners and community forestry users to use silvicultural operations to produce more biomass and to keep the forest healthy. It creates green jobs and promotes cleaner technology. The action also opens doors, especially for forest groups to carbon voluntary markets, hence additional income for poor women and men.
The project is implementing in surrounding area of Kathmandu Valley (Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Nuwakot, Dhading, Kavre Palanchok and Sindhu Palchok) and Inner Terai part of Far West Region (Banke, Bardia, Kailali and Kanchanpur) covering 11 districts of Nepal jointly by HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation and 4 other partners namely International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bio resources (ANSAB); Sustainable Technology Adaptive Research and Implementation Centre, Nepal (STARIC/N); and Winrock International.

Project Duration: January 2013 to December 2016 (4 Years)

The Overall objective is to contribute to national goal of poverty reduction through up-scaling the production and industrial consumption of bio-energy, thereby increasing employment and reducing carbon emissions.

The specific objectives are to:

1. Create more green jobs through up-scaling Small Sized Charcoal Enterprises

2. Reduce carbon emission through diversifying the production and use of bio-energy as an alternative to imported fossil fuels (LPG, kerosene and coal)

3. Sustain the production and supply chain of bio-energy and strengthen capacities of actors of charcoal sub-sector while at the same time enhancing natural resource condition

The target groups of the project are:

  • Small sized charcoal producing enterprises (pits and retorts) and their employees mainly from socially and economically disadvantaged groups.
  • Restaurants, hotels and brick industries.
  • Marketing companies – charcoal suppliers and retailers.

The main beneficiaries of the project are small-sized bio-charcoal enterprises, forest users and labourers, especially women and poor. The expected results of the project are to create 10,500 green jobs (full time jobs for at least 6 months each year) through up-scaling 700 small sized charcoal enterprises which are expected to consume 87,500 tons of forest biomass as fire hazard to produce about 30,000 tons of charcoal from 14,000 ha sustainably managed forests and agro forests which are accessible to road heads. The project will contribute to reduce approximately 74,000 tons of CO2 emissions because of the increased use of charcoal as an alternative to imported fossil fuels such as coal. In addition, about 472 million Nepalese rupees (4.1 million Euros) worth of local jobs will be generated over the project period. It is expected that at least 10 per cent LPG, kerosene and coal used in the targeted industries will be replaced by approximately 36,000 tons of charcoal produced during project life and this percentage will be increased in and beyond project area gradually over time.

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