• Habitat loss and deforestation are the major causes of population decline and endangerment of Malaysian amphibians.
  • A vast majority of Malaysian amphibians occupy regions where commercial logging and industrialization is taking place, which has resulted in the loss of critical forest cover.
  • A vast majority of amphibians occupy regions that are increasingly being used for residential and urban development. As a result, vast portions of natural rainforest habitats are lost to make way for housing and infrastructure.
  • The use of land for agricultural purposes such as non-timber plantations and livestock farming has also contributed to the loss of habitat of amphibians.
  • Pollution, especially by industrial, military, agricultural and forestry effluents has further contributed to the decline of amphibian populations.

Conservation Actions

  • Measures taken to protect habitats and key resources of amphibians.
  • Land and water management techniques modified to minimize the impact on amphibians.
  • Restoration of habitats and natural processes.
  • Preparation of Malaysian amphibian species prioritization plan by the Zoo Negara in Kuala Lumpur.
  • The Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, University Malaysia Sabah, has spearheaded research on tailless amphibians, namely population declines, endemism and potential as a regional tourism product.