Situated in an isolated region of the North Atlantic, the Azores act like a laboratory for natural evolution. Most of the species of the region – such as the Laurel, which is typical to the Macaronesia region – are living fossils that resemble the preglacial flora of the European continent.

The archipelago is home to an important diversity of endemic species that are found nowhere else, including the Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina), an endangered species with a population of about 250. This species is included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ and is restricted to the cloud forest on the east side of Sao Miguel Island. Read more