The important indigenous insect population is made up of more than 1,100 species, 41 of which are endemic. The endemic vegetation of the Bermuda Islands includes 11 species of flowering plants, 4 species of fern, 2 species of moss, 10 species of lichens and 40 species of mushrooms.
The marine fauna and flora of Bermuda is largely derived from and closely resembles that of the Caribbean. It represents what can be described as the northernmost outpost of the Caribbean coral reef ecosystem. The Bermuda platform forms approximately 1,000 km² of shallow marine habitats on the flattened top of an extinct volcano. A variety of marine habitats are represented on Bermuda. Coral reefs ring the platform creating an atoll-like lagoon which supports seagrass meadows, soft bottom communities and limited mangrove forests.
Bermuda also has extensive cave systems which have largely been drowned by sea level rises following the ice ages. These caves are home to a very large proportion of Bermuda’s endemic biodiversity. 80 out of 86 species identified in Bermuda’s caves are endemic, including two new orders of crustaceans, one new family and 15 new genera. Some 25 of these species are critically endangered. Read more