The vegetation of the Turks and Caicos Islands consists of dry forests and mangroves which developed on a limestone base. Half of the emerged lands of the archipelago or 26,700 hectares are covered by wetlands (including 3 Ramsar Sites), while 38,000 hectares are made of inter-tidal sand banks and mudflats. The wetlands include open mudflats, periodically flooded mangroves, and different types of swamp and complex estuaries, which merge with underwater sands.

The archipelago hosts an important number of migratory and nesting birds. Many of the birds particularly wetland birds are endemic. In total, the Turks and Caicos birdlife consists of 204 species (58 nesting birds). With a population of more than 30,000 adults of the Turks and Caicos Ground Iguana (Cyclura carinata), the territory is also home to one of the largest populations of rock iguanas in the Caribbean.

Turks and Caicos have 11 national parks, 11 nature reserves and four designated sanctuaries. Read more