Located in South-Eastern Europe, Serbia covers an area of 88,407 km2 with moderate continental climate. Serbia is a country of rich ecosystem and species diversity – covering only 1,9% of the whole European territory it is home to 39% of European vascular flora, 51% of European fish fauna, 40% of European reptile and amphibian fauna, 74% of European bird fauna, 67% European mammal fauna. The diversity of ecosystems in Serbia is primarily evident in the diversity and specific character of its vegetation.
Two national Red Books were published so far:
- The Red Book of flora of Serbia in 1999, that lists extinct and critically endangered plant species and contains 171 plant taxon that represents approximately 5% of Serbian flora;
- The Red Book of daily butterflies of Serbia in 2003, analyzing 57 species that represent 34% of Serbian butterflies.
462 natural areas in Serbia are protected, out of which 5 are national parks, 16 landscape of exceptional features, 67 nature reserves, 16 nature parks, 316 natural monuments and 42 areas of cultural and historical importance. The total protected area is 5.91% of the Serbian territory (522,120 ha). The spatial plan of the Republic of Serbia states that the total protected area should be increased to 10% by 2015 and to 12% by 2021.
There are 5 IUCN Members in Serbia: Ecolibri Bionet: Center for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development, Green Network of Vojvodina, Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, Institute for Nature Conservation of Vojvodina Province and Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection of Serbia. IUCN Programme Office for South-Eastern Europe is located in Belgrade, Serbia, generously hosted by the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia since its opening in 2004.
Newly discovered natural phenomenon
The field research conducted on the Željin Mountain by the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia revealed a waterfall of exceptional characteristics and beauty. It was named Željinski troskok (A triple fall of Zeljin, reflecting its three magnificent water cascades. The morphometric characteristics, genesis, water abundance, aesthetic values and cascading waters assured the inclusion of this natural phenomenon on the list of hydrological heritage of Serbia... Read more
Rare and endangered species successfully return to nature
Three Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus) chicks, found on 2 July 2013 during agricultural activities taking place near the village of Lower Vapa, were temporarily housed in shelters for wildlife at Palic Zoo, and were then released to their natural habitat in Sjenicko-Pester plateau. Read more
Mura-Drava-Danube, a symbol of unity
The transboundary river ecosystem of the Danube, Drava and Mura Rivers forms 700 kilometers long “green belt” connecting more than 800,000 hectares of highly valuable natural and cultural landscapes in five countries: Austria, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, and Serbia. Once protected as a Transboundary UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, the “Mura-Drava-Danube” area shall become a symbol of unity for these countries. Read more
Nature protection, now and tomorrow
The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, an IUCN Member, has recently published “Biodiversity of Serbia – current state and its prospects”, gathering results on nature protection initiatives, projects and actions for the period 2008-2012. On one hand this publication offers the most recent data on the actual state of biodiversity in Serbia, and on the other it presents a comparative analysis of the country and Europe’s biodiversity. Read more
Million years of mammoths in Serbia
Latest excavation data indicate the continuous existence of mammoths in the same geographical area for almost a million of years – based on mammoths' remains from earlier periods of their evolution (ca. 780,000 years ago) to their extinction (ca. 10,000 years ago). This was proven by fossil remains of Steppe and its ultimate descendant Woolly Mammoth, which were excavated in the Drmno open-cast lignite mine, in 2009 and 2012. Read more
The recently published book “The bats of Djerdap” released the latest data on Djerdap bats, a relatively poorly observed group of mammals in Serbia. The study proved the presence of 15 bat species in the country, amongst which the Mehely’s Horsehoe Bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi), one of the rarest bat species in Europe, classified Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM. Read more
Saving the Wild Peony
Five species of Wild Peony grow in Serbia and all of them are strictly protected. Due to negligent collecting, peonies have now become a rarity. In order to protect this species, the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, an IUCN member, has started a project focusing on the study and habitat mapping of the Wild Peony in Serbia, on public awareness raising on the importance of this species conservation and ultimately on the protection of its habitats in the country. Read more
The Municipality of Tran (Bulgaria), the Municipality of Dimitrovgrad (Serbia) and the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, an IUCN Member, joined forces for the River Jerma Gorge to create a tourist eco-trail and Park for recreation and entertainment. The project aims to contribute to the economic development of this cross-border region through the development of sustainable tourism and tourist attractions. Read more
In search of Tulipa hungarica
The Hungarican Tulip (Tulipa hungarica), one of the 1,760 strictly protected plant species of Serbia, is endemic to the Iron Gates. It is thought to be extinct in Serbia. The unique proof of distribution in the country is the one found in 1995 on the site called “Horse’s head” that is now kept in the herbarium of Natural History Museum in Belgrade. Read more