Internal waters

25 October 2012 | Article



Internal waters are waters lying between the land belonging to the State and the baselines it has established. These waters are included in the State's territory: it exercises full sovereignty over them.

While internal waters designate greater or lesser marine areas depending on the method – sometimes disputed –, which is used by each coastal State to establish the baselines defining their limits, the line – except, perhaps, in the case of historic bays – is not only situated near the coasts, but also out at sea, where its projection largely serves for the delimitation of other marine areas (continental shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone, high sea etc.). 

Mediterranean landscape