National measures affecting the legal regime of the high sea in the western Mediterranean

25 October 2012 | Article
0 CommentsWrite a comment

 

Fr

>> to be updated


Algeria:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m in a decree passed on October 12th, 1963.
Established a contiguous zone extending to 24 n.m (decree of November 6th, 2004).

Defined its baselines in the decree of August 4th, 1984.
Created a fisheries protection zone (FPZ, Cf. Offshoots of the EEZ) in June, 1994 (decree of May 28th, 1994) with a breadth of 32 n.m from the Moroccan frontier to Ras Ténès (facing the Spanish zone) and 52 n.m from Ras Ténès to the border with Tunisia.
Concluded an agreement concerning delimitation of its maritime boundary with Tunisia on February 11th, 2002.

France:

Defined its baselines in a decree dated October 19th, 1967.
Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m from its baselines.
Established a contiguous zone extending to 24 n.m (Law dated December 31st, 1987).
Created an ecological protection zone (EPZ) extending to 60 n.m from its baselines (Law of April 15th, 2003, and decree of January 8th defining the area's geographical boundaries).
Agreement with Italy on November 28th, 1986, concerning delimitation of the territorial sea in the Strait of Bonifacio.


Italy:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m in its Navigation Code, amended by the Law of August 14th, 1974.
The Law of July 30th, 2002, established a contiguous zone for the purpose of immigration control, without specifying its extent.
Defined its baselines in a decree dated April 26th, 1977.
Established an ecological protection zone (EPZ) in 2006; has not yet passed the decrees for its implementation.
Agreed the limits of the continental shelf with Yugoslavia (1968), Tunisia (1971), Spain (see below), Greece (1977), Albania (1992), and the limits of the territorial sea with Yugoslavia (1975) and France (198, see above).


Monaco:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m by an Ordonnance issued on February 14th, 1973.
Defined its maritime boundaries with France in the Convention of February 16th, 1984.


Morocco:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m from its straight baseline in an Act passed on March 2nd, 1973. Its geographical coordinates were specified in the decree of July 21st, 1975.
Established an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extending 200 n.m from its baselines in an Act passed on April 8th, 1981. In the Mediterranean, the outer boundary of the EEZ extends as far as the median line.
Established a contiguous zone extending to 24 n.m in 1981.


Spain:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m from the low-water mark in an Act dated January 4th, 1977. Its geographical coordinates were specified in a decree dated August 5th, 1977.
No specific reference to the contiguous zone in the United Nations website.
Created a halieutic protection zone (HPZ) (decree of August 1st, 1997) extending to the equidistance zone between the coasts of Spain, Algeria, France and Italy. Delimitation of this area was the subject of a protest on the part of France which led to notification of corrected coordinates in a verbal note from Spain on April 13th, 2000.
Agreed the limits of the continental shelf with Italy in the Convention dated February 19th, 1974.


Tunisia:

Established the breadth of its territorial sea at 12 n.m from its baselines in an Act passed on August 2nd, 1973.
Defined the geographical coordinates of its baselines in a decree dated November 3rd, 1973.
Established a contiguous zone extending to 24 n.m (Law of April 28th, 1981).
Established a fisheries zone in 1951 based on the 50-metre depth criterion (along its southern coastlines).
Created an EEZ in the Law of June 27th, 2005. Subsequent decrees will determine the methods for implementing the Law.
The Tunisian government has entered into diplomatic proceedings with neighbouring countries before promulgating the decrees necessary to the Law's effective application.
Concluded delimitation agreements concerning the continental shelf with Italy (see above), Libya (1988) and Algeria (see above).


Comments

0 Comments
Write a comment

600 CHARACTERS LEFT

captcha
Mediterranean landscape