Enabling access to clean energy

05 July 2012 | Project description

Through this project, IUCN Oceania will assist all Pacific Island Countries in providing support to the development and implementation of environmentally sustainable energy policies and a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency pilot projects focusing on ecosystem conservation and livelihood enhancement.

 

Energy, Ecosystems, and Sustainable Livelihoods Initiative (EESLI)

BACKGROUND
In the Pacific Islands, energy plays a critical role in almost every activity, and the growing requirements for energy demand by increasing populations throughout the Pacific region are resulting in significant impacts on biodiversity. Energy supply systems both depend on, and influence, their surrounding ecosystems. Ecosystems, such as watersheds and forests, can be critical for the provision of energy services such as water flows for hydro-electricity and biomass for bioenergy. However, current energy production can also cause species and habitat loss along the entire energy cycle from exploration to production and distribution to final use. The very biodiversity that provides energy services is under threat by the growing demand for energy.

SITUATION
In the Pacific Islands region, as in many small island developing states, the options to meet energy demands are rapidly expanding to include renewable sources such as wind, solar, hydro, and geothermal energy while recognizing that traditional sources such as gas and oil cannot be completely eliminated in the near future. No one energy source is completely biodiversity-neutral and energy choices will need to be made with a full understanding of the trade-offs involved.

THE PROJECT
Through this project, IUCN Oceania will assist the countries of the Pacific, providing support in the development and implementation of environmentally sustainable energy policies and a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency pilot projects focusing on ecosystem conservation and livelihood enhancement. These will be achieved through: installation of renewable energy pilot projects; provision of management tools for the projects and assistance in the development of sustainable energy policies; and networking with Small Island States in the Pacific and globally to share lessons learned, skills, and technology.

The country activities under EESLI are:

Marshall Islands • Efficient and renewable public lighting for urban centres
• Installation of Solar PV Streetlights
• Waste Oil Management Framework
Federated States of Micronesia  Energy Efficiency Home Loan Program
Fiji  Demonstration of Institutional & household Biogas digesters
Kiribati  Solar PV-Diesel Hybrid system in CCL Community, Manoku
Palau  Energy Efficiency Home Loan Program
Papua New Guinea  Solar PV lighting systems in Mananakele Village
Samoa
• Research on Biofuel for land transport, non-motorised transport, and project management
• Strengthening Greenhouse Gas Abatement through an Appropriate Low Carbon Development Policy Framework 
Tonga • Solar home system rehabilitation in outer islands
• Solar powered water pumping in Tongatapu
Tuvalu 
• Photovoltaic electricity network integration
• Energy efficiency loan subsidy programme 
Vanuatu 
• Rehabilitation of solar systems at schools and health centres in Santa, Malo and Malekula
• Wind monitoring to assess its potential as a source of energy
• Installation of community micro-hydro (75kW) at Talise
• Reticulation of electricity from Talise micro-hydro to three surrounding communities

Learn more about the above projects here

OBJECTIVES
To enable Pacific Island countries to accelerate their transition to renewable energy and energy efficiency systems that are ecologically efficient, sustainable, and socially equitable.

DURATION
Phase I: 3 years (2008 - 2011)
Phase II: 5 years (2012 - 2016)
DONOR

  • Directorate General for Development Cooperation (DGCS), Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation
  • Austrian Development Cooperation
  • Directorate for Development Cooperation, Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs


MORE INFORMATION
Contact person for the project is Anare Matakiviti, anare.matakiviti@iucn.org