African elephants are confronted with habitat loss and degradation and increasing levels of human – elephant conflict. Management authorities in sub-Saharan Africa are increasingly turning to translocation as a means to meet such challenges. This trend has to take into account changing political and welfare considerations for elephants, and managers need to understand the justification for translocation as well as the technical challenges. These guidelines provide informed advice to decision makers in African range state governments, managers on the ground, NGOs, donors and other practitioners wishing to re-introduce or supplement African elephant populations for their long-term conservation.

The guidelines, available in English, French, and Portuguese, were compiled by a task force, which was jointly convened by the IUCN Species Survival Commission's (SSC) African Elephant (AfESG) and Re-introduction Specialist Groups (RSG) with input from the IUCN/SSC Veterinary Specialist Group (VSG). This task force was comprised of the following experts: Mr David Balfour (AfESG), Dr Holly T. Dublin (Chair of this Task Force, AfESG), Dr Marion E. Garaï (AfESG), Dr Richard Kock (VSG), Mr Moses Litoroh (AfESG), Mr Leo Niskanen (AfESG), Mr Pritpal Soorae (RSG) and Dr Ian Whyte (AfESG).