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TRAFFIC bulletin

Latest TRAFFIC bulletin contains two orchid articles

The October 2014 issue of the TRAFFIC Bulletin is packed full of fascinating insights into wildlife trade, including two articles on orchids, one on the orchid trade in Iran and one on the illegal orchid trade in Tanzania and Zambia.

http://www.traffic.org/home/2014/10/30/latest-traffic-bulletin-helps-illuminate-orchid-ivory-serow.html

IUCN Red List raises more red flags for threatened species

Temperate slipper orchids

The global assessment of temperate slipper orchids, occurring in North America, Europe and temperate Asia, reveals that 79% of these popular ornamental plants are threatened with extinction. This is mainly due to habitat destruction and over-collection of wild species for local and international trade, despite the fact that international trade in all species of slipper orchids is regulated. Temperate slipper orchids are among the best-known and most widely illustrated of all flowering plants, with characteristic slipper-shaped flowers which trap insects to ensure pollination.

“What was most surprising about this assessment was the degree of threat to these orchids,” says Hassan Rankou, the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s (SSC) Red List Authority for the Orchid Specialist Group, which is hosted by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. “Slipper orchids are popular in the multimillion-dollar horticultural industry. Although the industry is sustained by cultivated stock, conservation of wild species is vital for its future.”

The Endangered Freckled Cypripedium (Cypripedium lentiginosum) has fewer than 100 individuals remaining in south-eastern Yunnan in China and Ha Giang province of Viet Nam. Its decline is due to over-collection and deforestation. Also Endangered, Dickinson's Cypripedium (C. dickinsonianum) is known only from a few scattered populations in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras. Its open forest habitat is being cleared for agriculture and the lopping of trees is changing the environmental conditions which allow orchids and other under-storey plants to thrive.

The 5th International Orchid Conservation Congress: Orchid Conservation - Making the links

December 2-6, 2013 - Saint-Denis, Ile de La Réunion.

The 5th International Orchid Conservation Congress (IOCC5) will offer the opportunity for the audience to gain information about the widest possible spectrum of ongoing orchid conservation research. The format of IOCC5 is a four full-day meeting, encompassing ten sessions and one day congress field trip in the Réunion National Park. 

Please visit (IOCC5 : http://iocc5.univ-reunion.fr) for more details.

Native orchids of Belgium

Orchid Society of Flanders

Please see this poster of native orchids of Belgium (published by the Orchid Society of Flanders). The title reads: "In Belgium, all native orchids are legally protected, both aboveground and underground parts of the plants." The poster was produced by Rik Neirynck who is a member of the Orchid Specialist Group.

Poster

Top 10 new species list

Night-blooming orchid - Bulbophyllum nocturnum

The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and a committee of scientists from around the world announced their picks for the top 10 new species described in 2011. Night-blooming orchid is one of the top 10 species, described as a slender night stalker from Papua New Guinea whose flowers open around 10 at night and close early the next morning. Bulbophyllum nocturnum named from the Latin word meaning “at night.” believed to be the first night-blooming orchid recorded among the more than 25,000 known species of orchids.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01183.x/full

New European Red List

44 New global assessments for Orchids and 153 European assessments

The new listings include 44 global assessments for orchids done by Hassan Rankou (Orchid Red List Authority Focal Point) in the Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – bringing the number of orchids “done” to 204 (up from 161) –a 20% increase! These are all European endemics.

In addition 153 European assessments have been uploaded. To download these assessments, please visit: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/search

  • Cypripedium formosanum Hayata

    Cypripedium formosanum Hayata

    Photo: © Stephan Gale

  • Cypripedium dickinsonianum Hágsater

    Cypripedium dickinsonianum Hágsater

    Photo: © Gerardo A. Salazar

  • Dendrobium devonianum Paxt.

    Dendrobium devonianum Paxt.

    Photo: © Phillip Cribb

  • Bulbophyllum nocturnum J.J.Verm., de Vogel, Schuit. & A.Vogel

    Bulbophyllum nocturnum J.J.Verm., de Vogel, Schuit. & A.Vogel

    Photo: © J.J.Verm.