- Asia has five of the 17 mega-diverse countries of the world: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.
- Asia has some of the major river basins of the world which were the basis for historical civilizations, Indus, Hwangho, Yangtze, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, Mekong, Irrawaddy-Salween among others. The Yangtze River, which is 6,397km long, is the longest in Asia and the third longest in the world.
- Asia has the highest mountains in the world: the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram and the Tien Shan, ranging from Mount Everest at 8,848m to Saser Kagri at 7,513m. Forty-nine highest mountains in the world are found in Asia.
- As much as 0.7 million hectares of Asia’s forests were lost between 1990 and 2000. However between 2000 and 2005 there has been an increase of 2.3 million hectares annually.
- Asia Pacific total forest cover is estimated at 740 million hectares. Of this China, Indonesia and India account for 51% while Japan, Lao PDR, Thailand, Myanmar and Malaysia collectively account for 15% of Asia’s forests. However, South Asia with 23% of the world’s population has only 2% of the world’s forests, that is 0.05 hectares per capita.
- In the Mekong region itself, 163 new species were discovered in 2008. A new species of Macaque, Arunachal Macaque was discovered in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India in 2004.