IUCN Global Economics Programme’s Contribution to IUCN's 2009-2012 Programme

Core programme area: Conserving biodiversity      

The IUCN’s Global Economics Programme work is rooted in an analysis of the underlying causes of biodiversity loss and unsustainable natural resource use. Four main underlying drivers are considered: 1) Human Population Dynamics, 2) Consumption Patterns, 3) Market Failures and Policy Distortions, and 4) Wealth, Poverty and Inequity. Understanding these drivers and their interactions gives decision makers the tools they need to design effective policies for conserving biodiversity.


Thematic programme area 4: Managing ecosystems for human well-being

The world’s poor disproportionately rely on nature for their well-being.   IUCN’s Global Economics Programme places a high priority on improving the integration of livelihoods and conservation. Economists have a key role to play in improving knowledge on the relationship between conservation and human well-being, and developing tools to conserve biodiversity and simultaneously improve livelihoods.


Thematic programme area 5: Greening the world economy

The conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity is the foundation of a sustainable economy. Water, food, shelter and energy are the building blocks upon which life and economic systems are built. The resilience of the global economy is intricately linked to the state of the environment.

IUCN Global Economics Programme’s Contribution to IUCN's 2013-2016 Programme

Programme area 1: Valuing and conserving nature

IUCN will develop and use its world-class knowledge on biodiversity, and its associated tools and planning standards, to influence policy and action on the ground. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme will contribute to this area of work using the tools of environmental economics to help decision makers incorporate the value of nature into regional, national, and global decisions. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme has used the value of impacts to ecosystem services to help companies like Rio Tinto Iron Ore make better decisions about water management and also to help South Pacific communities design marine protected areas that both conserve marine resources and improve local livelihoods.


Program area 2: Effective and equitable governance of nature's use

IUCN will consolidate its experience from working with people and institutions, addressing how public and private decisions on nature and ecosystems affect biodiversity and livelihoods. Effective and equitable governance depends on how the value of nature is perceived by each stakeholder group and the property rights assigned to each group. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme uses the tools of economics to identify the institutional structures that influence resource use in order to design effective and equitable governance policy.

Programme area 3: Deploying nature based solutions to global challenges in climate, food, development                                                                                        

IUCN will use its knowledge to promote sustainable development, empowerment and poverty reduction. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme will contribute to this area of work by highlighting nature’s ability to provide cost-effective solutions to problems related to global climate change, food security, and sustainable development. Our previous work has shown that landscape restoration is a cost-effective solution for providing ecosystem services, such as clean water, that would otherwise require more costly engineered infrastructure. Our work on marine protected areas has also shown that marine resource conservation can provide coastal protection, food security, and improve the livelihoods of local communities.