Recognizing the interdependency of the three pillars of sustainable development - social, economic and environmental, IUCN’s work in Eastern and Southern Africa underscores the fact that sustainable economic development depends on sound environmental management. ESARO, in line with IUCN’s Global Programme goals, focuses on five global thematic areas, namely biodiversity conservation, climate change, sustainable energy, human well-being and green economy. Working within these themes, the region has the following programmes: