The IUCN Green List of Protected Areas
Protected areas are a key to our biodiversity future and provide hope for a Protected Planet. Well-managed protected areas not only conserve nature, but provide a wealth of essential ecosystem services that benefit communities and provide solutions to global challenges such as water provision, food security, human health and welfare, disaster risk reduction and climate change.
The IUCN Green List of protected areas is a new global initiative that celebrates the success of effective protected areas, and encourages the sharing of that success so that other protected areas can also reach high standards. More effective protected areas lead to greater benefits for humans and nature.
The IUCN Green List process
IUCN's Global Protected Areas Programme and IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas will partner with protected area agencies and other responsible management bodies to manage the assessment of candidate sites. This will allow for full participation and ensure the IUCN Green List assessment system is consistent and allows for regional differences. Interested countries will work with IUCN and WCPA to establish a programme, identify candidate sites and prepare documentation. Nominated protected areas will need to meet a full suite of minimum standards, including for conservation objectives, for legitimate establishment, for management effectiveness, for governance and for visitor experience before being listed.
IUCN Green List Development and Partners
The IUCN Green List will be developed from 2012 to 2014, with a full launch scheduled for the 2014 IUCN World Parks Congress in Sydney, Australia. A number of partners have already joined the pilot phase to help test and refine the process. They include Parques Nacionales Naturales in Colombia, the Korean National Park Service and the CA/TS (Conservation Assured/Tiger Standards) project being carried out by WWF in tiger range countries. IUCN will develop the Green List by adding a diversity of countries and programmes to the pilot phase for testing, ensuring the process is refined to be fair, simple and regionally adaptable. As an ambitious undertaking that will move protected area conservation forward, the IUCN Green List of well-managed protected areas provides a new opportunity for results that demonstrate the IUCN vision of a just world that values and conserves nature.
The first Green Listed Protected Areas
The sites have been evaluated against a set of demanding criteria, including the quality of protection of natural values. They demonstrate fair and transparent sharing of the costs and benefits of conservation, effective management and long-lasting conservation outcomes. These criteria are tailored and measured according to the challenges and opportunities faced in each country.
Korea Jirisan National Park
Korea Odaesan National Park
Korea Seoraksan National Park
Australia Montague Island Nature Reserve
Australia Arakwal National Park and Cape Byron State Conservation Area
China Longwanqun National Forest Park
China Sichuan Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve
China Eastern Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve
China Mount Huangshan Scenic Area
China Wudalianchi Geological Park
China Shaanxi Changqing National Nature Reserve
Italy Gran Paradiso National Park
Spain Doñana Natural Space(PROVISIONAL - UNDER FURTHER EVALUATION)
Spain Espacio Natural de Sierra Nevada
France Natural Marine Park of Iroise
France Pyrénées National Park
France Marine natural reserve of Cerbère-Banyuls
France Sensitive Natural Area "Marais d’Episy"
France (Overseas territory) Guadeloupe National Park
Kenya Lewa Wildlife Conservancy
Kenya Ol Pejeta Conservancy
Colombia Galeras Santuario de Flora y Fauna Galeras
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá