Polar bear (Ursus maritimus)

About marine and polar conservation

Oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface and support an extraordinarily diverse world. Only a fraction of it has been discovered so far and much of ocean life remains a mystery which IUCN experts are striving to unveil.

It is estimated that more than 1 million species live on coral reefs alone, and as many as 10 million in the deep seas.

The threats facing the marine environment are numerous and complex yet less than 2% of the oceans are protected.

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What's new?

Fish from sustainable fisheries ensure food security into the future

Protecting and sustaining human life: Why healthy coastal ecosystems are so important

The recent focus on coastal fisheries has raised the question of why coastal ecosystems are so important. The simple answer is that healthy coastal ecosystems are the lifeblood of Pacific Island communities, providing food, income and physical protection. …  

13 Aug 2014 | News story

Hon. Butulso David Tosul, Vanuatu’s Minister for Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry, Fisheries and Biosecurity, speaking at the coastal fisheries meeting

Pacific countries look to next steps following call for action on coastal fisheries and bêche-de-mer

The countries that participated in last week’s inaugural Pacific Bêche-de-mer and the Future of Coastal Fisheries Meeting have turned their focus to the next steps they will take to address the threats posed to food security, livelihoods and biodiversity. …  

12 Aug 2014 | Article

Vaquita, WWF, Mexico

Between a gill net and a hard place: more pressure on Vaquita

The world’s smallest cetacean, the Critically Endangered Vaquita (Phocoena sinus), is facing its most daunting challenge yet. Despite decades of conservation work to protect this porpoise in its limited habitat in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico, an unlikely but illegal trade in wildlife has arisen all to quickly. Chinese demand for the swim bladder of another threatened species- the totoaba fish (Totoaba macdonaldi) is now accelerating the slide toward extinction for this species of porpoise. …  

11 Aug 2014 | News story