IUCN Global Economics Programme’s Contribution to IUCN's 2013-2016 Programme
Programme area 1: Valuing and conserving nature
IUCN will develop and use its world-class knowledge on biodiversity, and its associated tools and planning standards, to influence policy and action on the ground. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme will contribute to this area of work using the tools of environmental economics to help decision makers incorporate the value of nature into regional, national, and global decisions. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme has used the value of impacts to ecosystem services to help companies like Rio Tinto Iron Ore make better decisions about water management and also to help South Pacific communities design marine protected areas that both conserve marine resources and improve local livelihoods.
Program area 2: Effective and equitable governance of nature's use
IUCN will consolidate its experience from working with people and institutions, addressing how public and private decisions on nature and ecosystems affect biodiversity and livelihoods. Effective and equitable governance depends on how the value of nature is perceived by each stakeholder group and the property rights assigned to each group. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme uses the tools of economics to identify the institutional structures that influence resource use in order to design effective and equitable governance policy.
Programme area 3: Deploying nature based solutions to global challenges in climate, food, development
IUCN will use its knowledge to promote sustainable development, empowerment and poverty reduction. IUCN’s Global Economics Programme will contribute to this area of work by highlighting nature’s ability to provide cost-effective solutions to problems related to global climate change, food security, and sustainable development. Our previous work has shown that landscape restoration is a cost-effective solution for providing ecosystem services, such as clean water, that would otherwise require more costly engineered infrastructure. Our work on marine protected areas has also shown that marine resource conservation can provide coastal protection, food security, and improve the livelihoods of local communities.