Mining, Biodiversity, and Protected Areas
The green energy transition is upon us. Wind turbines and solar panels are replacing fossil-fueled power plants. The world will add as much renewable power in the coming five years as it did in the past 20, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), and electric cars will account for nearly a quarter of all car sales worldwide by 2025, and closer to 40 percent in Europe and China.
These are vitally important steps in the fight to slow climate change. But the green energy transition brings its own set of challenges. Without good science and informed policies, the switch to renewable energy sources will create a host of new problems. The challenge is to ensure that any damage to nature and people caused by the move away from fossil fuels is kept to a minimum and does not exacerbate the global biodiversity crisis.