Covering 513,000 km2, Thailand is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. The country has a very diverse geography: high mountains, a central plain, and an upland plateau. Northern Thailand is predominantly mountainous. Central Thailand is densely populated and dominated by paddy fields. Southern Thailand’s long coastline is rice in marine resources.

With a population of almost 70 million, biodiversity and natural resources have played a vital role in supporting local livelihoods and the country’s economic development. In response to biodiversity loss from poaching, forest fires, livestock overgrazing, and industrial pollution, the government has increased investment in natural resource conservation and environmental management.

Thailand’s relationship with IUCN began in 1948 as a founder member of IUCN. In 2001, IUCN opened its Asia Regional Office in Bangkok, which also house the IUCN Thailand program.

IUCN’s projects in Thailand cover climate change adaptation, MPA management, wetlands, forest restoration, marine plastics, and World Heritage management.

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Programme of Work

IUCN Thailand’s projects include tiger, prey, and threat monitoring in the Western Forest Complex (WEFCOM), which is home to Southeast Asia’s largest tiger population; Ramsar site management in Ranong; mangrove restoration and carbon financing; support for the nomination of the Andaman Sea as a World Heritage Site; and coordination of the Thailand Business and Biodiversity Network.

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All of IUCN’s projects in Thailand are implemented in collaboration with government, NGOs, and private sector partners.