EbA: Strengthening the evidence and informing policy

Ecosystem management and restoration is a critical part of climate change adaptation, and communities can play a central role in the process.

Through the project "Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Strengthening the evidence and informing policy", IUCN, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) worked together to show climate change policymakers when and why EbA is effective – the conditions under which it works, and the benefits, costs and limitations of natural systems compared to options such as hard, infrastructural approaches – and promote the better integration of EbA principles into policy and planning.

Evidence from Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Burkina Faso, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Peru was consolidated to develop clear country-specific policy recommendations and explore opportunities for uptake.

Through this project, IUCN built directly upon the results and lessons gained though earlier initiatives such as Ecosystems Protecting Infrastructure and Communities (EPIC) and the global EbA in Mountains Programme.

This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.


Global recognition of the importance of nature-based solutions to the impacts of climate change. Nathalie Seddon, Elizabeth Daniels, Rowan Davis, Alexandre Chausson, Rian Harris, Xiaoting Hou Jones, Saleemul Huq, Valerie Kapos, Georgina Mace, Ali Raza Rizvi, Hannah Reid, Dilys Roe, Beth Turner, Sylvia Wicander (2021), Journal article

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Nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation, Hannah Reid, Charlotte Hicks, Xiaoting Hou Jones, Valerie Kapos, Ali Raza Rizvi, Sylvia Wicander (2019), IIED Briefing | en español | 中文 | en français

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